Welcome to FLUID

What is FLUID? The Fluoride Legislative User Information Database is a comprehensive database containing legal decisions by U.S. courts and current information on federal, state and local policies regarding community water fluoridation.

Why was FLUID created? FLUID was created to be an up-to-date, user-friendly tool to answer questions about the legal and policy status of community water fluoridation in all U.S. states and territories. The goal of FLUID is to enable users to access accurate information and to be a resource that allows them to compare their current or proposed policies with others from across the country.

How was FLUID created? FLUID was initiated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which funded the Children’s Dental Health Project and the Health Law and Policy Program on Law and Government at the American University’s Washington College of Law. Project staff compiled the original database and annual updates by researching case laws and state and local statutes on Westlaw, Municode, state legislative databases, and other legal search engines. 

How is FLUID maintained? Since 2017, the Network for Public Health Law has provided updates to and conducted site maintenance for FLUID; resources for updates and site maintenance are provided by the Network and the University of Maryland Carey School of Law with assistance from the Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors

How do I use FLUID? FLUID is broken down into four sections that can be navigated to and from the menu links at the top of the web site.

  • Search: From here, users can search FLUID with any combination of keyword, content type, and case topic type. Multiple states and content types can be selected and unselected by control/command-clicking the available menu items. The case topic menu will automatically generate suggested search categories back on the user’s keyboard input to assist in optimizing searches. Users unfamiliar with fluoridation case law are encouraged to use the case topics option to get an overview of the various issues, while experienced users should utilize the key word option for more inclusive results.
  • Case Law: This page allows the user to limit their search to legal opinions from state and federal courts. Each case law also contains links to original source materials. This section is searchable by menus organized by state, case topic, and key word. Multiple items can be selected and unselected in each menu by control/command-click. Users unfamiliar with fluoridation case law are encouraged to use the case topics option to get an overview of the various issues, while experienced users should utilize the key word option for more inclusive results.
  • State and Local Action: This page allows the user to limit their search to policies, which includes state statutes, state administrative codes and regulation, and local ordinances. This section is searchable by menus organized by state, policy type, and key word. Multiple items can be selected and unselected in each menu by control/command-click.
  • Federal Action: This page has links to current federal actions and policies concerning community water fluoridation. It also includes updates from these federal agencies on proposed changes to current regulations and processes.

Key word searches can be utilized as follows:

  • Key Words - Simply entering words into the Key Word field will search FLUID for all instances of all words entered by the user.
  • "Key Words" - Using quotation marks around a phrase or set of words within the Key Word field will search FLUID for the exact phrasing entered within the quotations.
  • Key Word AND/OR Key Word - Using modifiers such as AND and OR between key words in the Key Word search field will search FLUID for either instances of both words (AND) or instances of one or the other words (OR).

Recent State and Local Action

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Missouri :: Statute

Abstract: 

This section added in 2016 requires notification upon any intention to make modifications to fluoridation of its water supply to the department of natural resources, the department of health and senior services, and its customers of its intentions at least ninety days prior to any vote on the matter. This section also requires particular forms of public notification by any public water system or public water supply district. 

Citation: 

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 640.136 Modifications to fluoridation of water supply, notification required (Added September 14, 2016). 

Date Adopted: 
Wed, 09/14/2016
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Chapter 640. Department of Natural Resources
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640 Drinking Water
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Missouri
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640.136. Modifications to fluoridation of water supply, notification required
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Missouri :: Ordinance :: Sullivan

Abstract: 

Sullivan's City Council passed Ordiance 3667, eliminating the city's fluoridation requirement, repealing Sullivan Code 705.050. 

See also James B. Bartle, Fluoridation Repealed In Sullivan, Three Ordinances Approved, Sullivan Independent News (June 2, 2015), available at http://www.mysullivannews.com/2015/06/fluoridation-repealed-in-sullivan-....

 

Last updated: June 19, 2015.  

 

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Michigan :: Ordinance :: West Branch

Abstract: 

On June 1, 2015, West Branch City Counsel voted 6-1 to increase water fluoridation levels to the state and Federal recommended 0.7 ppm. See Matt Varcak, "City votes to increase level of fluoride in the water," Ogemaw County Herald (June 1, 2015), available at http://www.ogemawherald.com/stories/City-votes-to-increase-level-of-fluoride-in-water,101683.   

 

Last updated June 19, 2015.

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New York :: Administrative Code

Abstract: 

The additions to the New York Public Health Code prevent jurisdictions already participating in water fluoridation from ceasing their program without first providing a notice to the public and a ninety-day comment period.

Citation: 

NY PUB HEALTH § 1100–a

Date Adopted: 
Mon, 04/13/2015
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West Virginia :: Local Authority :: Clarksburg

Abstract: 

Clarksburg, WV has voted to take bids for all of its water treatment chemicals save for fluoride, essentially ending water fluoridation in the jurisdiction.  See http://wvmetronews.com/2015/05/11/clarksburg-water-board-votes-to-end-practice-of-fluoridation/.  The Water Board has decided to continue to discuss the issue even after not voting to fund any fluoride contracts. See http://www.theet.com/news/local/water-board-to-resume-discussions-about-fluoride/article_4000700a-30b8-5d34-a8db-bb29463c472c.html

Last Updated: May 19, 2015