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EPA Denies Anti-Fluoride Petition

The EPA rejected a petition in August 2013 seeking to ban a form of fluoride that is commonly used to fluoridate drinking water, noting that petitioners lacked “sufficient facts” to support their case.

Tennessee Law Requires Public Notice

A Tennessee law enacted in 2012 requires local water systems to provide a minimum period of public notification before ceasing or starting fluoridation.

The law and the public’s health: a study of infectious disease law in the United States *

Authors: 
Gostin LO, Burris S, Lazzarini Z
Article Title: 
The law and the public’s health: a study of infectious disease law in the United States *
Year: 
1999
Volume: 
99
Number: 
1
Pages: 
59-128
Abstract: 

Law plays crucial roles in the field of public health, from defining the power and jurisdiction of health agencies, to influencing the social norms that shape individual behavior. Despite its importance, public health law has been neglected. Over a decade ago, the Institute of Medicine issued a report lamenting the state of public health administration, generally, and calling, in particular, for a revision of public health statutes. The Article examines the current state of public health law. To help create the conditions in which people can be healthy, public health law must reflect an understanding of how public health agencies work to promote health, as well as the political and social contexts in which these agencies operate. The authors first discuss three prevailing ways in which the determinants of health are conceptualized, and the political and social problems each model tends to create for public health efforts. The analysis then turns to the core functions of public health, emphasizing how law furthers public health work. The Article reports the results of a fifty-state survey of communicable disease control law, revealing that few states have systematically reformed their laws to reflect contemporary medical and legal developments. The Article concludes with specific guidelines for law reform.

Fluoridation Referendum in La Crosse, Wisconsin: Contributing Factors to Success

Authors: 
Jones RB, Mormann DN, Durtshce TB
Article Title: 
Fluoridation Referendum in La Crosse, Wisconsin: Contributing Factors to Success
Year: 
1989
Volume: 
79
Number: 
10
Pages: 
1405-8
Abstract: 

Residents of La Crosse, Wisconsin approved a public referendum in favor of water fluoridation on April 5, 1988. The vote, 57 percent supportive, culminated a two-year community effort. Three public referenda had been defeated in the past. Contributing to the success of this recent campaign were: broad-based community support led by a 34-member Citizens for Better Dental Health in La Crosse Committee; American Dental Association/Wisconsin Division of Health/US Public Health Service consultation and support; knowledgeable and supportive press coverage; the timing of the ballot to coincide with the Wisconsin Presidential Primary; and local chiropractic support to offset chiropractic anti-fluoridation leadership. La Crosse, population 50,000, was the largest fluoride-deficient community in a nine-state upper Midwest area.

Commentary: 

Factors for Success: Broad-based Community Support; Scientific Press Coverage; ADA and Governmental Agency Support; Timing and Language of Ballot.

Newburgh-Kingston Caries Fluorine Study: Final Report

Authors: 
Hilleboe et al.
Article Title: 
Newburgh-Kingston Caries Fluorine Study: Final Report
Year: 
1956
Volume: 
52
Number: 
3
Pages: 
290

California :: Ordinance :: Palo Alto

Citation: 

Palo Alto, California, Municipal Code § 010.

Title: 
12. Public Works and Utilities
Chapter: 
24. Fluoridation
Legislation Type: 
Ordinance
Locality: 
Palo Alto
Section: 
§ 010. Authorized - Funds
State: 

California :: Ordinance :: Martinez

Citation: 

Martinez, California, Municipal Code § 020.

Title: 
13. Utilities
Chapter: 
04. Water Rates and Regulations
Legislation Type: 
Ordinance
Locality: 
Martinez
Section: 
§ 020. Fluoridation of Water Supply
State: 

California :: Ordinance :: Los Banos

Citation: 

Los Banos, California, Municipal Code § 26.

Title: 
6. Sanitation and Health
Chapter: 
7. Water System
Legislation Type: 
Ordinance
Locality: 
Los Banos
Section: 
§ 26. Fluoridation
State: 

Hughes v. City of Lincoln

Case Name: 
Hughes v. City of Lincoln
Plaintiff: 
D Beverly Hughes
Defendant: 
City of Lincoln
Citation: 

232 Cal. App. 2d 741; 43 Cal. Rptr. 306 (Cal. Ct. App. 1965)

Year: 
1965
Court Name: 
Court of Appeal of California, Third Appellate District
Abstract: 

Plaintiffs brought action against the City Council of the City of Lincoln, California, after it refused either to adopt or submit to election a proposed initiative ordinance signed by more than 15 percent of the voters that sought to prohibit the addition of fluorides to the city's public water supply. The City argued that the municipal decision to fluoridate is not subject to the initiative power because, in fluoridating the municipal water supply, the city council was acting as an administrative agent of state policy. The court rejected this position, holding that the operation of public water systems by a non-chartered city such as Lincoln is an exercise of the local police power, is not a statewide concern, and is legislative rather than administrative.

Opinion#: 
10927
State: 
Opinion Judges: 
Friedman J, Pierce PJ, Van Dyke J concurred

Pages

Recent State and Local Action

results

Missouri :: Ordinance :: Sullivan

Abstract: 

Sullivan's City Council passed Ordiance 3667, eliminating the city's fluoridation requirement, repealing Sullivan Code 705.050. 

See also James B. Bartle, Fluoridation Repealed In Sullivan, Three Ordinances Approved, Sullivan Independent News (June 2, 2015), available at http://www.mysullivannews.com/2015/06/fluoridation-repealed-in-sullivan-....

 

Last updated: June 19, 2015.  

 

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Michigan :: Ordinance :: West Branch

Abstract: 

On June 1, 2015, West Branch City Counsel voted 6-1 to increase water fluoridation levels to the state and Federal recommended 0.7 ppm. See Matt Varcak, "City votes to increase level of fluoride in the water," Ogemaw County Herald (June 1, 2015), available at http://www.ogemawherald.com/stories/City-votes-to-increase-level-of-fluoride-in-water,101683.   

 

Last updated June 19, 2015.

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New York :: Administrative Code

Abstract: 

The additions to the New York Public Health Code prevent jurisdictions already participating in water fluoridation from ceasing their program without first providing a notice to the public and a ninety-day comment period.

Citation: 

NY PUB HEALTH § 1100–a

Date Adopted: 
Mon, 04/13/2015
Title: 
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Statute
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West Virginia :: Local Authority :: Clarksburg

Abstract: 

Clarksburg, WV has voted to take bids for all of its water treatment chemicals save for fluoride, essentially ending water fluoridation in the jurisdiction.  See http://wvmetronews.com/2015/05/11/clarksburg-water-board-votes-to-end-practice-of-fluoridation/.  The Water Board has decided to continue to discuss the issue even after not voting to fund any fluoride contracts. See http://www.theet.com/news/local/water-board-to-resume-discussions-about-fluoride/article_4000700a-30b8-5d34-a8db-bb29463c472c.html

Last Updated: May 19, 2015

Michigan :: Ogemaw County :: Consideration

Abstract: 

The West Branch (Michigan) city counsel will consider whether to add fluoride to its water supply in the near future.  See http://ogemawherald.com/stories/City-to-consider-adding-additional-fluor....

 

Last updated: April 10, 2015.  

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