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Florida

Fla. Admin. Code Ann. r. 62-555.325. Fluoridation (Nov. 19, 1987, Last amended Aug. 28, 2003).

This regulation provides that fluoride levels in drinking water shall not exceed the primary maximum contaminant level under Rule 62-550.310, or the secondary maximum contaminant level under Rule 62-550.320. The recommended optimal fluoride concentration for fluoridated community water systems is 0.8 milligrams per liter. The recommended fluoride control range for fluoridated community water systems is 0.7 to 1.3 milligrams per liter. The regulation also contains specific directions regarding fluoridation equipment and its installation, as well as daily quality assurance and reporting requirements.

(1) Fluoride levels in drinking water shall not exceed the primary maximum contaminant level under Rule 62-550.310, F.A.C., or the secondary maximum contaminant level under Rule 62-550.320, F.A.C. The recommended optimal fluoride concentration for fluoridated community water systems is 0.8 milligram per liter. The recommended fluoride control range for fluoridated community water systems is 0.7 to 1.3 milligrams per liter. (2) Equipment and Installation. (a) Fluoride chemicals shall be fed into drinking water proportional to flow. Where the flow rate is reasonably constant, this may be accomplished by electrically interconnecting fluoride metering pumps with well or service pumps or by otherwise designing fluoride metering pumps to operate only when well or service pumps operate. Automatic flow proportioning control of fluoride metering pumps shall be provided where the flow rate varies significantly (i.e., where the flow rate varies by more than 20 percent). (b) Fluoride metering pumps shall have antisiphon protection. (c) Tanks and containers holding fluorosilicic acid shall be vented only to the outside atmosphere. (d) Scales, loss-of-weight recorders, liquid-level indicators, or flow meters, as appropriate, shall be provided to accurately measure quantities of fluoride chemicals used. (e) At each drinking water treatment plant with fluoridation facilities, the supplier of water shall provide appropriate safety or protective equipment in accordance with Table 15.5 in Water Treatment Plant Design as incorporated into Rule 62-555.330, F.A.C. (f) Suppliers of water who fluoridate their water shall provide analytical equipment that uses the colorimetric or ion electrode method to measure the fluoride concentration in the treated water. (g) New or altered fluoridation facilities shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Section 4.7 and Part 5 in Recommended Standards for Water Works as incorporated into Rule 62-555.330, F.A.C., and in accordance with Water Fluoridation: A Manual for Engineers and Technicians as incorporated into Rule 62-555.330, F.A.C. (3) Quality Assurance and Reporting. (a) For each drinking water treatment plant fluoridating water, the supplier of water shall measure and record daily the quantity of fluoride chemical used, calculate and record daily the fluoride dose, and measure and record daily the fluoride concentration in the finished drinking water at the entry to the drinking water distribution system. The daily measurements of fluoride concentration in finished water may be performed by any authorized representative of the supplier of water but shall be performed using an appropriate method referenced in subsection 62-550.550(1), F.A.C. If the daily measurements of fluoride concentration in finished water are not performed by a laboratory certified by the Department of Health to perform fluoride analyses of drinking water, the supplier of water shall collect check samples and have them analyzed in accordance with paragraph (b) below. (b) For each public water system (PWS) fluoridating water and not using a certified laboratory to perform all daily measurements of fluoride concentration in the finished drinking water from each of the PWS's treatment plants, the supplier of water shall collect two check samples per month from the PWS's distribution system. Each check sample shall be “split” into two samples, one which shall be analyzed by an authorized representative of the supplier of water and one which shall be analyzed by a laboratory of the Department of Health or a laboratory certified by the Department of Health to perform fluoride analyses of drinking water. (c) For each drinking water treatment plant fluoridating water, the supplier of water shall report the information required under paragraph (a) above and, if applicable, the results of the analyses required under paragraph (b) above to the Department of Health's Bureau of Dental Health within ten days after each month of operation using Form 62-555.900(5), Monthly Operation Report for PWSs Fluoridating Water, hereby adopted and incorporated by reference, effective August 28, 2003. Copies of this form are available from the Department of Environmental Protection, Drinking Water Section, M.S. 3520, 2600 Blair Stone Road, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2400. (4) The Department of Health's Bureau of Dental Health is authorized to conduct inspections of fluoridation facilities at public water systems.
Florida

Fla. Admin. Code Ann. r. 62-550.320 Secondary Drinking Water Standard (Adopted Nov. 19, 1987, Last amended Nov. 27, 2001).

This regulation provides that a public water system’s failure to meet the fluoride secondary standard requires public notification pursuant to Rule 62-560.430.

Maximum Contaminant Levels. This section applies only to community water systems. (These standards may also apply as ground water quality standards as referenced in Chapter 62-520, F.A.C.) (1) The secondary maximum contaminant levels are listed in Table 6,<sup>FN1</sup> which is incorporated herein and appears at the end of this chapter. (2) Failure to meet the fluoride secondary standard requires public notification pursuant to Rule 62-560.430, F.A.C. FN1. Table 6 is entitled "Secondary Drinking Water Standards" and includes Fluoride. The Federal Contaminant ID number for Fluoride is 1025, and the SMCL (mg/L) is 2.0.
Florida

Fla. Admin. Code Ann. r. 62-550.520. Secondary Contaminants Monitoring Requirements (Adopted Nov. 19, 1987, Last amended Nov. 28, 2004).

This regulation requires all community water systems to conduct analysis to determine its compliance with the secondary contaminants monitoring requirements each compliance period. It states that if the results of an analysis indicate that the level of fluoride exceeds the secondary maximum contaminant level, the supplier of water shall notify the public pursuant to Rule 62-550.430 and take corrective action as approved by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection pursuant to Rule 62-560.700.

(1) Analysis to determine compliance with Rule 62-550.320, F.A.C., shall be conducted by all community water systems and shall be repeated once each compliance period. Lime softening facilities may operate above 8.5 but less than or equal to 9.0 pH units without Department approval, and may operate above 9.0, but less than or equal to 10.0 pH units upon approval by the Department of a written demonstration by the water system that operating at the higher pH will not cause the treatment plant to suffer operational failures, that minimum disinfectant levels can be maintained throughout the distribution system, and that the system can remain in compliance with the lead and copper and microbiological provisions of Chapters 62-550 and 62-555, F.A.C. Surface water systems or ground water systems that are required to demonstrate the effectiveness of their primary disinfection treatment process to meet Giardia lamblia or virus inactivation requirements shall operate within a pH range as specified for their disinfectant in the tables in Appendix E of the Guidance Manual adopted in subsection 62-555.335(1), F.A.C. (2) If the results of an analysis indicate that the level of fluoride exceeds the secondary maximum contaminant level, the supplier of water shall notify the public pursuant to Rule 62-560.430, F.A.C., and take corrective action as approved by the Department pursuant to Rule 62-560.700, F.A.C. (3) With the exception of pH, the system is in violation if the level of a secondary contaminant at any sampling point is greater than the secondary maximum contaminant level.
Florida

Fla. Admin. Code Ann. r 62-560.430. Public Notification - Secondary Standards (Adopted Nov. 19, 1987, Last amended Jan. 17, 2005).

This regulation provides that community water systems that exceed the secondary maximum contaminant level for fluoride shall provide notice to: (1) all billing units annually; (b) all new hookups or new billing units before or at the time service begins; and (c) the Florida Public Health Officer. The notice shall contain the standard language found in 40 C.F.R. 141.208(c), and it shall contain a clear, concise description of the failure, the steps being taken to comply, and the telephone number of the supplier of water or its designee who may provide additional information concerning the situation.

(1) Community water systems that exceed the secondary maximum contaminant level for fluoride shall provide notice to: (a) All billing units annually; (b) All new hookups or new billing units before or at the time service begins; and (c) The State Public Health Officer. (2) The notice shall contain the standard language found in 40 CFR 141.208(c), July 1, 2003, adopted herein by reference. (3) The notice shall also contain a clear, concise description of the failure, the steps being taken to comply, and the telephone number of the supplier of water or his designee who may provide additional information concerning the situation.
Florida

The city of Boynton Beach, FL has decided to cease its water fluroidation program when supplies run out in March 2015.  The letter from the city's Director of Utilities cited the great expense of updating and maintaining the infrastructure to continue to program as the primary reason for shutting down the program.  See Alex Seltzer, Boynton to Stop Putting Fluoride in City's Drinking WaterPalm Beach Post, Feb. 20, 2015, http://spbc.blog.palmbeachpost.com/2015/02/20/boynton-to-stop-putting-fl....

Florida
Since 1958, the Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department has adjusted the existing natural fluoride level of 0.2 parts per million in the water to the optimal range for dental health of 0.7 parts per million. Water Fluoridation, Miami-Dade County Water & Sewer, available at: http://www.miamidade.gov/wasd/water_flouridation.asp (last visited Oct. 16, 2011).
Florida

Broward County, Florida, Municipal Code § 34-118; Broward County, Florida, Municipal Code § 34-119; Broward County, Florida, Municipal Code § 34-120; Broward County, Florida, Municipal Code § 34-121; Broward County, Florida, Municipal Code § 34-122.

§ 34-118. - Legislative findings. The Board of County Commissioners of Broward County, Florida, finds, determines and declares that the introduction of fluorides into water supplies intended for human consumption is necessary for the protection of the health, safety and welfare of the citizens and residents of Broward County, Florida. (Ord. No. 72-17, § 1, 11-21-72) § 34-119. - Application. This article shall apply to all public water systems within Broward County which are regulated by the Public Service Commission of the State of Florida, pursuant to the water and sewer system regulatory law, and to all county and municipal water systems in Broward County, Florida, which furnish water for human consumption. (Ord. No. 72-17, § 2, 11-21-72) § 34-120. - Fluoridation required in applicable districts; manner of fluoridation; evidence of compliance. Each water system to which this article applies shall cause fluorides in quantities and in a manner conforming to the regulations set forth in Chapter 10D-4 of the Florida Administrative Code to be introduced into its distribution system. Within thirty (30) days after the effective date of this article each such water system shall furnish evidence to the board of county commissioners and to the Broward County Health Department of its intent to comply with the requirements of this article, which evidence shall consist of proof of having retained an engineer for the purpose of preparing appropriate plans and specifications. Within sixty (60) days thereafter each such water system shall furnish said plans and specifications to the Broward County Health Department as provided by law. As soon as possible thereafter, but in any event no later than six (6) months after the said plans have been approved by the Broward County Health Department and all other regulatory bodies having jurisdiction thereof, each such water system shall have its installations completed, and shall cause fluorides to be introduced into its distribution system. (Ord. No. 72-17, § 3, 11-21-72) § 34-121. - Extensions of time for compliance. In the event of extreme hardship or urgent necessity, such as strikes, acts of God, or other similar conditions, the Director of the Broward County Health Department may grant an extension of the time requirements imposed by this article. Such extension may only be granted upon the furnishing of proof satisfactory to the director that it is required as a result of factors beyond the control of the applicant. (Ord. No. 72-17, § 4, 11-21-72) § 34-122. - Violations. Any person violating any provision of this article shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and punished as provided by law. If such violation be continuing, each day's violation shall be a separate offense. The violation of any of the provisions of this article may also be enforced by injunction, including a mandatory injunction and such suit or action may be instituted and maintained in the name of Broward County. (Ord. No. 72-17, § 5, 11-21-72)
Florida

Lake Mary, Florida, Municipal Code § 09.

§ 09. Fluoridation. (A) For the purpose of this section the following definition shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning. QUALIFIED TECHNICIAN. A technician possessing at minimum an unrevoked class C waterworks operator's certificate issued under the State Water and Sewage Works Operators' Association. (B) The Utilities Department is directed to provide the means and to proceed with the introduction of fluoride into the water supply of the city, pursuant to the direction of the State Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services. The Utilities Department, before introducing fluoride, shall insure that a qualified technician, approved by the Division of Health of the State Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, personally supervises the treatment process. (C) The rules and regulations of the State Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Division of Health, Chapter 10D-4, as it now exists or as it may hereafter be amended or renumbered, shall control the introduction of fluoride into the water supply of the city, including but not limited to content, the sampling of the water supply, and the maintaining of records and reports thereon.
Florida

Manatee County, Florida, Municipal Code § 2-31-4 (2011).

§ 2-31-4 Fluoridation of county's potable water system. (a) The Manatee County Public Works Department is hereby authorized and instructed to regularly apply fluoride to the county's potable water system, until further direction to the contrary by this board of county commissioners. (b) The fluoridation undertaken by the public works department shall be in accordance with all standards, if any, as set forth by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation and any other or succeeding regulatory agencies. (c) The Manatee County Public Works Department is hereby authorized and instructed to make application for any and all federal, state, and regional grant monies which are available for fluoridation programs, and shall process all such applications for approval. (d) The Manatee County Public Works Department is otherwise hereby authorized and instructed to appropriate and budget monies for required chemicals and equipment as necessitated by this fluoridation program. HISTORY NOTE: (Ord. No. 91-38, §§ 1-4, 5-21-91)
Florida

Naples, Florida, Municipal Code § 30-31 (2011).

§ 30-31 General water service regulations; private water systems. (d) Fluoridation. The city manager is herewith directed to proceed with the fluoridation of the water supply as directed by the county health department.
Florida
"On Nov. 27, 2012, the Pinellas County Board of County Commissioners approved the addition of fluoride to the Pinellas County water system. The level of fluoride in the drinking water will be adjusted to 0.7 parts per million (PPM). This water fluoridation program will provide a level recommended for optimal dental health which can significantly reduce the occurrences of tooth decay. " Press Release, "Pinellas County approves water fluoridation," http://www.pinellascounty.org/utilities/press/pr-2012-11-28.html (last visited on November 28, 2012).
Florida