Welcome to FLUID

Featured News

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EPA Denies Anti-Fluoride Petition

The EPA rejected a petition in August 2013 seeking to ban a form of fluoride that is commonly used to fluoridate drinking water, noting that petitioners lacked “sufficient facts” to support their case.

Tennessee Law Requires Public Notice

A Tennessee law enacted in 2012 requires local water systems to provide a minimum period of public notification before ceasing or starting fluoridation.

What is FLUID? The Fluoride Legislative User Information Database is a comprehensive database containing legal decisions by U.S. courts and current information on federal, state and local policies regarding community water fluoridation.

Why was FLUID created? FLUID was created to be an up-to-date, user-friendly tool to answer questions about the legal and policy status of community water fluoridation in all U.S. states and territories. The goal of FLUID is to enable users to access accurate information and to be a resource that allows them to compare their current or proposed policies with others from across the country.

How was FLUID created? FLUID was initiated and is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The database was completed by and is maintained through a collaboration between the Children’s Dental Health Project and the Health Law and Policy Program on Law and Government at the American University’s Washington College of Law. Project staff research pertinent case law via Westlaw and other online legal search engines, and state and local policies are cataloged via various individual state policy databases and Municode.

How do I use FLUID? FLUID is broken down into four sections that can be navigated to and from the menu links at the top of the web site.

  • Search: From here, users can search FLUID with any combination of keyword, content type, and case topic type. Multiple states and content types can be selected and unselected by control/command-clicking the available menu items. The case topic menu will automatically generate suggested search categories back on the user’s keyboard input to assist in optimizing searches. Users unfamiliar with fluoridation case law are encouraged to use the case topics option to get an overview of the various issues, while experienced users should utilize the key word option for more inclusive results.
  • Case Law: This page allows the user to limit their search to legal opinions from state and federal courts. Each case law also contains links to original source materials. This section is searchable by menus organized by state, case topic, and key word. Multiple items can be selected and unselected in each menu by control/command-click. Users unfamiliar with fluoridation case law are encouraged to use the case topics option to get an overview of the various issues, while experienced users should utilize the key word option for more inclusive results.
  • State and Local Action: This page allows the user to limit their search to policies, which includes state statutes, state administrative codes and regulation, and local ordinances. This section is searchable by menus organized by state, policy type, and key word. Multiple items can be selected and unselected in each menu by control/command-click.
  • Federal Action: This page has links to current federal actions and policies concerning community water fluoridation. It also includes updates from these federal agencies on proposed changes to current regulations and processes.

Key word searches can be utilized as follows:

  • Key Words - Simply entering words into the Key Word field will search FLUID for all instances of all words entered by the user.
  • "Key Words" - Using quotation marks around a phrase or set of words within the Key Word field will search FLUID for the exact phrasing entered within the quotations.
  • Key Word AND/OR Key Word - Using modifiers such as AND and OR between key words in the Key Word search field will search FLUID for either instances of both words (AND) or instances of one or the other words (OR).

Recent State and Local Action

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Michigan :: Ogemaw County :: Consideration

Abstract: 

The West Branch (Michigan) city counsel will consider whether to add fluoride to its water supply in the near future.  See http://ogemawherald.com/stories/City-to-consider-adding-additional-fluor....

 

Last updated: April 10, 2015.  

Hawaii :: Proposed Legislation

Abstract: 

The Hawii legislature has proposed a bill (HB 838), requiring that the boards of water supply to fluoridate public water systems with 1,000 or more service connections.  See https://legiscan.com/HI/bill/HB838/2015.  

 

Last updated April 10, 2015.

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Minnesota :: Proposed Legislation

Abstract: 

Both the Minnesota House and Senate have introduced bills (HB 272 and SB 522) to allow local jurisdictions to have authority over water fluoridation levels.  

The House Bill was introduced on January 22, 2015 and the Senate Bill was introduced on February 5, 2015.

The House Bill with edits, redactions, and additions is available at: https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/text.php?number=HF272&version=0&session...

The Senate Bill with edits, redactions, and additions is available at:  https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/text.php?number=SF522&version=0&session...

(last updated April 10, 2015)

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Maine :: Proposed Legislation

Abstract: 

The Maine Legislature has proposed a bill (LD 827) to allow local jurisdictions to have authority over water fluoridation levels.

The full proposed bill can be found at http://legislature.maine.gov/legis/bills/getPDF.asp?paper=HP0561&item=1&...

The bill died in committee on April 7, 2015.  See https://legiscan.com/ME/bill/LD827/2015.  

(Last updated April 10, 2015)

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Georgia :: Proposed Legislation

Abstract: 

The Georgia house has proposed legilsation (House Bill 129) to allow local communities and townships to determine water fluoridation levels.  As of March 9, 2015, the House has not taken action since January 29, 2015 on this issue.

See https://legiscan.com/GA/bill/HB129/2015.  

(Last Updated Mar. 9, 2015)

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